Business

Jobs – Present Simple Practice (speaking + vocabulary)

What’s the job? Read about different job positions. What do you do? What’s your position like?

Architect Technician

  • Works for a construction company.
  • Designs buildings, produces plans, specifications, and drawings.
  • Negotiates with builders and inspects construction work.

Field Service Engineer

  • Works for an office equipment manufacturer.
  • Visits customers’ sites and repairs and maintains
  • Spends a lot of time driving from place to place.

Software Engineer

  • Works for a bank.
  • Writes, tests, and debugs code.
  • Updates security features and troubleshoots.
  • Is responsible for a project team.

Help Desk Technician

  • Provides technical support.
  • Solves customers’ problems over the phone.
  • Works night shifts.

Warehouse Manager

  • Works for a paper company.
  • Receives shipments and checks quantities.
  • Keep records of
  • Manages a database.
  • Works for a credit card company.

Quality Controller

  • Works for a pharmaceutical company.
  • Collects and examines product
  • Analyses data and writes reports.

2 Look at the underlined words in the job descriptions in the exercise 1. Find the word which means:

  • bargains, reaches agreement by discussion
  • parts of the working day
  • puts in the latest information
  • stocks of goods and materials
  • goods that are transported
  • finds and corrects faults and problems
  • keeps in good working order
  • specimens, small quantities of a product that shows what the rest is like
  • looks at something closely to make sure it’s OK
  • examines something carefully to understand it and explain it.

3 In your opinion, on which of these positions people…:

1 are the most and the least busy?

2 use computers the most?

3 work the longest hours?

4 don’t need to wear special clothing?

5 sometimes work outside?

6 meet lots of different people?

7 need the most qualifications?

8 make the most money?

9 have the best and the worst jobs? why?

4 Speaking practice. Work with a partner. Take turns to describe the jobs of people you know, for example, your boss, your husband/wife, your brother etc.

Example

   A What does your wife do?

   B She’s a laboratory technician. She works at a chemical company. She tests and analyses samples. She…

Business

Vocabulary Practice 1

1. Fill in the blanks using the given words:

debts    interest   loss    loan    profit

  1. If you want to buy a car, you’ll need to take a  bank _________ in advance.
  2. I couldn’t pay off my _________, so I asked my father for some money.
  3. Every company can make a big ___________ if they work well.
  4. Mark put some money on his saving account, so he has a 1% __________ from his savings.
  5. We had such a bad advertising campaign that we made a huge ____________ and lost some of our clients.

2. MAKE or DO? Fill in. Then, use the phrases in the sentences.

_____ money

______a favour

___ a decision

____ extra work

__ a suggestion

____ nothing

  1. If I have to ________________ about something, I consult my colleagues and we always decide together.
  2. Sorry, can I _________________? You should make an analysis of the market and then make a product list.
  3. We made a big loss in Spain last year but we _________________ to fix the damage. We just focused on Italian market more.
  4. Some people ______________, some people spend money. You can’t do both.
  5. If you want to earn more, you must _______________!
  6. Laura, can you ________________? I have to leave earlier today, can you finish my project, please?

 

3. Complete the paragraph with the words from the box:

Salary        Benefits          Experience      Interviews     Application form         Vacancy            Qualifications    

ADMINISTRATION OFFICER

We have a (1) ……………………… for an administration officer to work in our busy Sheffield office. If you have a minimum of two years (2)…………………………. in this sort of work and enjoy being part of a team, send for an (3) …………………………………… to the address below. (4) ………………… is in the region of & 12,000, depending on (5) ……………………… (Those with university degrees may receive more.) Other (6) ……………………….. include the use of the company gym and subsidised meals in the staff restaurant. (7) …………………………… will be held on November 5th and 6th at our London office.

Business

Writing Connectors (introduction)

  • If you want to make your writing easier to read and more eloquent, using the connectors in the correct places is a must. Start using connectors to give your writing more flow and more style. Different types of connectors are used according to the logical relationship they establish between one sentence and another. Also known as conjunctions, these linkers can express contrast, cause, purpose, consequence, addition, and exemplification.

CONTRAST

  • Although/ though/ Even though + full sentence +comma / Even so+ comma
  • In spite of/ despite + noun or –ING
  • Despite the fact that…
  • However/ Nevertheless + comma
  • On the one hand/ On the other hand + comma
  • In contrast to/with
  • As opposed to…
  • On the contrary + comma
  • Alternatively + comma
  • Instead of + -ING
  • The former/ the latter (only with 2 components)
  • Conversely+ comma
  • While/ Whereas + full sentence
  • But/Yet + full sentence or –ING Example: The book is short, YET it is interesting / The book is short YET interesting .

ADDITION

  • As well as + -ING
  • Apart from this / that + comma
  • Also (at the beginning + comma/ before the main verb)
  • Too (at the end of a sentence)
  • Besides + comma
  • Additionally + comma
  • What is more + comma
  • On top of that + comma
  • Furthermore / Morever (after giving various reasons)
  • In addition to + – ING

EXAMPLE

  • One such example is …
  • Such as …
  • In other words + comma
  • That is to say …
  • One instance could be …
  • For example / for instance

SEQUENCE and TIME

  • First of all / Firstly + comma
  • To begin with + comma
  • Once /as soon as + full sentence. Ex. Once you have finished studying you can go to the park
  • Secondly + comma
  • Later/ after that / afterwards + comma
  • Then / next + comma
  • Meanwhile/ in the meantime + comma
  • Now that + full sentence. Ex. Now that you have finished studying you can go to the park.
  • All of a sudden / suddenly + comma
  • Eventually/ finally/ in the end + comma

PURPOSE

  • To infinitive
  • So that / in order that + full sentence
  • In order to /so as to + infinitive

RESULT

  • As a result/ consequently/ accordingly/ as a consequence + comma
  • Therefore + comma
  • For this /that reason + comma
  • So / that is why/ because of this/ that + comma
  • With this in mind + comma
  • On account of the fact that + full sentence
  • Bearing this in mind + comma
  • Taking this into account + comma

CAUSE

  • Because of / on account of + full sentence
  • Owing to / due to + -ING / noun
  • In view of/ in the light of + -ING/ full sentence
  • Given that + comma

OPINION

  • My own view of this is …
  • My personal opinion …
  • Speaking personally + comma
  • It seems to me that…
  • For my part + comma
  • As I see it + comma
  • I feel strongly that …
  • I believe …

TO PRESENT A TOPIC

  • It is often said / asserted/ claimed that …
  • It is a well-known fact that…
  • For the majority of people …
  • One of the most striking features/ aspects of this issue/ topic…
  • By way of introduction …

CONCLUSION

  • In summary + comma
  • In brief + comma
  • In short + comma
  • To sum up + comma
  • All in all + comma
  • In conclusion to be brief + comma
  • On the whole + comma
  • Basically + comma

CLARIFICATION

  • That is to say + comma
  • To clarify + comma
  • To rephrase it + comma
  • In other words + comma
  • That is + comma

COMPARISON

  • In the same way + comma
  • Likewise + comma
  • Similarly+ comma
  • Compared with + -ING / full sentence
  • In comparison with + -ING/ full sentence

INTENSIFICATION

  • Indeed + comma
  • Undoubtedly / without doubt + comma
  • In fact + comma
  • Certainly+comma
  • By all means + comma
  • Surely + comma

PARTICULARISATION

  • In particular +comma
  • Particularly + comma
  • Specifically + comma
Business

Numbers: How to write them (lesson and practice)

  • Although usage varies, most people spell out numbers that can be expressed in one or two words and use figures for other numbers:
  • over two pounds
  • six million dollars
  • after thirty-one years
  • eighty-three people
  • after 126 days
  • only $31.50
  • 6,381 bushels
  • 4.78 litres  

Days and Years

  • December 12, 1965 or 12 December 1965
  • A.D. 1066
  • in 1900
  • in 1971-72 or in 1971-1972
  • the eighties, the twentieth century
  • the 1980’s or the 1980s

Time of Day

  • 8:00 A.M. (or) a.m. (or) eight o’clock in the morning
  • 4:30 P.M. (or) p.m. (or) half-past four in the afternoon

Addresses

  • 16 Tenth Street
  • 350 West 114 Street

Identification Numbers

  • Room 8
  • Channel 18
  • Interstate 65
  • Henry VIII

Page and Division of Books and Plays

  • page 30
  • chapter 6
  • in act 3, scene 2 (or) in Act III, Scene ii

Decimals and Percentages

  • a 2.7 average
  • 13 1/4 per cent
  • .037 metric ton

Large Round Numbers

  • four billion dollars (or) $4 billion
  • 16,500,000 (or) 16.5 million

Notes on Usage

Repeat numbers in legal or commercial writing.

  • The bill will not exceed one hundred (100) dollars.

Numbers in series and statistics should be consistent.

  • two apples, six oranges, and three bananas
  • NOT: two apples, 6 oranges, and 3 bananas
  • 115 feet by 90 feet (or) 115′ x 90′
  • scores of 25-6 (or) scores of 25 to 6
  • The vote was 9 in favour and 5 opposed

Write out numbers beginning sentences.

  • Six per cent of the group failed.
  • NOT: 6% of the group failed.

Use a combination of figures and words for numbers when such a combination will keep your writing clear.

  • Unclear: The club celebrated the birthdays of 6 90-year-olds who were born in the city. (may cause the reader to read ‘690’ as one number.)
  • Clearer: The club celebrated the birthdays of six 90-year-olds who were born in the city.

Numbers that represent time, dates, ages, sizes, scores, money, and points on a scale

  • in about 6 years
  • 2 days ago
  • at 12 noon
  • $5
  • 6-year-old children

Numbers that represent a place in a series

  • year 7 of an 8-year project
  • room 9
  • Figure 2 (in an article)
  • Chapter 5
  • row 1

Numbers in a list of four or more numbers

  • 1, 2, 4, and 8 bits, respectively

Numbers less than 10 that do not represent exact measurements.

  • only three times
  • four 32-bit words
  • eight lists
  • nine pages
  • a three-way interaction

Any number that begins a sentence, title, or heading.

  • Sixteen-bit processors were used.
  • Thirteen of 20 processors failed.

Common fractions

  • one-fifth of the users
  • execution time was reduced by two thirds
  • in one half the time

Widely accepted phrases

  • the Fourth of July
  • the Ten Commandments

Combined figures and words.

  • 3 million cycles
  • 32 million bytes
  • in 2 three-part modules
  • twenty-four 8-bit words

Ordinal numbers.

Treat ordinal numbers as cardinal numbers

  • a second-order relationship
  • a third-generation chip
  • the 3rd and 12th rows of the matrix

Exercise 1: Each sentence contains at least one error. Correct them.

  1. I bought 3 computers.
  2. I bought three computers and 20 printers.
  3. 10 people came to the meeting at 10 o’clock.
  4. They have sold four million copies of this software so far.
  5. The 1st new computer system is ordered already.
  6. I’ve tried this 2 or 3 times.
  7. This sentence is 6 words long.
  8. This increases processing speed by five per cent.
  9. The screen is 32.56 cm wide and eight cm tall.
  10. Look in lab number seven.
  11. Chapter 7 of this book begins on page 1,230.
  12. The probability of getting this relationship by chance is less than 0.05.
  13. 2 or three weeks ago that bug was fixed.
  14. They voted by a 2/3 majority.
  15. When the result is multiplied by one hundred, you get a percentage.
  16. The first and tenth lines of the matrix contain 0s
  17. Two two-part modules were added.
  18. All of these 8’s have to be written as words.
  19. Please wait outside Room Seven.
  20. This chip has a drawing speed of eight ns/pixel with 32 bits per pixel.
Business

Company in trouble (vocabulary practice)

I Fill in the blanks using ONE word only:

Last year we started producing a new product _______ a client. It took some time before they gave us the green light_________ they wanted to see all the production details and double-check them. It then took them a further 3 months to sign the contract and our company didn’t go into production until they had everything in black and __________.

Unfortunately, the client was unable to get the new product off the ground and they decided to stop production. As a result ____ this, the company is starting to run short of orders and we’ll be in the red within a month if we don’t _______ some new clients soon.

Yesterday we _______ a meeting with the president and it looks like he means business. The shares of the company have taken a nosedive and because of this he wants to keep track of all the expenses that are going out and will be cutting back on the social events that had already _______ planned.

We are not very ________about this as the president himself got into trouble for offering handouts to politicians in return for lucrative contracts. Nobody wants us to produce anything anymore because of this. Currently, there are several new projects in the pipeline to ________ the image of the company. In the meantime, he will be cutting corners to keep spending to a minimum.

II Fill in with the suitable word or phrase:

priorities, allocate, consult, venue, estimate, bargaining position,
behaviour, etiquette

Preparing to negotiate

  1. If dealing with people from another culture, find out about its_____________ and negotiating styles: the way people negotiate what they consider acceptable and unacceptable ______________, and so on.
  2. Work out your initial ______________position: what are your needs and objectives? Decide your_____________________ (the most important objectives).
  3. Try to _____________the needs and objectives of the other side.
  4. Perhaps you are in a position to influence the choice of ____________the place where you are going to meet.
  5. If you are negotiating as part of a negotiating team, ___________your colleagues about the previously mentioned points, and _______________roles and responsibilities.

III Circle the correct answer

  1. Trish isn’t employed but she has some part-time ______________. a) work b) job c) employment
  1. If everyone works nights shift we will be able to ______________. a) catch up b) break down c) fall behind
  1. She surely has _______________ too much work. She will have to stay longer today. a) caught up b) broken down c) taken on
  1. They have sent their _______________ with their CV. a) application b)skills c) resume
  1. An entire country can depend ______ a single transnational. a) of b) on c) at
  1. Draw up a to-do-list for the short __________. a) term b) plan c) time
  1. When doing a presentation, you must know basic things about your __________. a) public b) audience c)listeners
  1. The British wait in lines patiently and they never ___________. a) chat b) grumble c) tip
Business

Business Test 1 Practice 2

I Tenses – Present Simple/Continuous, Present Perfect, Past Simple:

  1. A: Where (the meeting, be) ____________________? In the main office? B: I (not, know) ____________________. I (just, arrive) ____________________ from the warehouse, but I can check it.
  2. Can you hold, please? I (type) ____________________ something on my computer.
  3. Out team (work) _______________ just fine. We (employ) __________________ some new people since last October and we are very satisfied with their work.

II Countables/Uncountables – Complete the dialogue with the words in the box:

a lot of, much, many, a little, a few

  1. Barak Obama’s speech didn’t surprise me _____________. I expected him to say that.
  2. Only ______________ people came to the meeting so we had to postpone it.
  3. How ___________ litars of milk does a family need for a day?
  4. _______________ students have done the survey so the date is quite plausible and correct.
  5. For this recipe you need just _____________ eggs. Take two, for example.
  6. She gave me _______________ money for the trip I can’t buy even a postcard with it.

III Obligation and necessity – Fill in using: have to, has to, didn’t have to, had to, needn’t, mustn’t

  1. All students __________________ listen to the teacher during the lesson.
  2. You _________________ smoke in the premises. There’s NO SMOKING sign.
  3. We had so much trouble with that supplier. Finally, we _______________ cancel the order because we weren’t quite sure how it was going to work.
  4. You __________________ put the milk in the coffee. I already pour some.
  5. The management students __________________ take an exam in English last week, because they could sit for it in another term. They could choose.
  6. Tim really ___________________ pay attention to his appearance. His hair is too long and in a mess, and his shoes need polishing.

IV Suggestion. Suggest a suitable solution to the given problem using relevant words or phrases:

  • Why don’t we…What about…? We should…We shouldn’t…Let’s…
  • 1. We must hand out the project tomorrow.
  • 2. We don’t have legal breaks for breakfast at my firm.
  • 3. I am new in this department.
  • 4. We have a seminar next month. I want to go.

VOCABULARY

I Part of speech – Fill in the chart with suitable answers

noun verb adjective

to manage manageable
solution
/

to motivate motivated

to grow grown
argument
/

to develop developed

II Synonyms – Give the most suitable synonym for given words or expressions:

  1. redundancy
  2. staff
  3. advanced
  4. freelance
  5. objective
  6. data

III Circle the correct answer

  1. The meeting starts ______ eight o’clock ________ the evening. a) in/at b) at/on c) at/in
  2. The Obama inauguration started ______ time. a) in b)at c)on
  3. Is it ok with you if I leave now? I will _____________ it ______ on Monday. a) take …on b) make… up c) put …off
  4. She surely has _______________ too much work. She will have to stay longer today. a) caught up b)broken down c) taken on
  5. They have _______________ with the work on the constructing projects; they won’t finish it until the deadline. a) fallen behind b) got on with c) drawn up
  6. We have to inform them about the delays. It is our fault but they must know that we have to _____________ the delivery. a) catch up b) put off c) break down
  7. She needs a new __________________. She got a sack last month. a) job b) work c) employment
  8. I deal ___________ a lot of different people in the company. a) with b) at c) to

IV Numbers- Write down the numbers as words:

  1. 15%
  2. 21st
  3. 0.86
  4. 5,218,104
  5. 12/6/08
  6. 2/4
Business

Business Test 1 Practice 1

GRAMMAR

I Tenses – Present Simple/Continuous, Present Perfect, Past Simple:

  • 1. Many big companies __________________(not have) canteens for their employees.
  • 2. We ______________________(invest) in our computing system a lot recently, and just a month ago our human resource manager _________________ (make) an agreement to do more in the field of education of the employees.
  • 3. I’m afraid, you can’t talk to Mr Johnson right now. He ______________________(have) a board meeting in his office.
  • 4. Where ______________________ (we, put away) used paper? In the box over there?
  • 5. Beacuse of their enormous success, COCA-COLA _____________________ (be) one of the main drinks producers in this area for decades.
  • 6. In 2002. our company _________________ (be) equipped with very basic machinery, so the management _____________________(decide) to buy some new ones.

II Countables/Uncountables – Complete the dialogue with the words in the box: a lot of, much, many, a little, a few

  • A: Is the agenda ready for tomorrow’s meeting? We haven’t got _____________ time left, you know that.
  • B: Yes, I’ve done it. I had ____________ things planned to put it in, but I managed to make it short and put everything into 5 items.
  • A: Very well. _______________ colleagues informed me that they can’t make it to the meeting. Take their names, please.
  • B: Sure. How ______________ of them said they’re away on business?
  • A: I don’t know now. But I will check it later. Let’s have a coffee break now. Please, pass me the sugar. Just _____________, please.
  • B: Ok, but you can have just __________________ minutes, because we have _______________ work to do!
  • A: I’ll be done quickly. You know I don’t need ___________________ to get back to the track!

III Future – fill in the blanks using the right future form.

  1. So, everyone, let’s start! Susan, (you, open) _________________________ the meeting, please?
  2. Look out! The laptop (fall) ________________________ off your desk!
  3. In the near future, small businesses (definitely, lose) _______________________ major part od the consumer population.
  4. Well, I’m not quite sure, but we (try) _____________________ with making our strategy more efficient, and we’ll see.
  5. I’m having an important meeting in London tomorrow morning and I and my colleague (stay) ____________________ the London hotel.
  6. A: I need to see some price-lists now.
  7. B: Ok, I (not, keep) ______________________ you with the chart, then. Here’s your price-list.

IV Obligation and necessity – Fill in using: have to, has to, didn’t have to, had to, needn’t, mustn’t

  1. Thanks for the email. I got it yesterday, but I saw it wasn’t urgent and that I _____________________ answer right away, so I left it for later.
  2. You _______________ smoke in here! That’s forbidden!
  3. Mike _______________ get up early if he wants to get ready for the presentation properly.
  4. The parcels were all wrong! We _______________open them all, and put some new labels!
  5. If you want to apply for the job, you __________________ send an application form.
  6. Tell Maria that she __________________ send the contract, I have one copy here with me. She can keep hers.

V Suggestion. Suggest a suitable solution to the given problem using relevant words or phrases:

  • 1. We have taken on too much work lately.
  • 2. Maria has been talking on the phone for the whole morning!
  • 3. I am always late for work.
  • 4. The meeting is tomorrow and I haven’t’ written the agenda yet! I need your help.

VOCABULARY

I Part of speech – Fill in the chart with suitable answers

noun verb adjective

to employ un/employed
responsibility /
application
applied

to qualify qualified
strenght to strengthen

po perform /

to decide decisive
development
developed

II Synonyms – Give the most suitable synonym for given words or expressions:

  1. to provide
  2. to manage
  3. to postpone
  4. executive
  5. freelance
  6. redundancy
  7. staff
  8. income

III Circle the correct answer

  • My mother was born _________2nd July.
  • a) in b) on c)at
  • 2. There were no phones _________17th century, they were invented ________1870s.
  • a) at/in b) in/in c) in/at
  • 3. If everyone works nights shift we will be able to ______________.
  • a)catch up b) break down c) fall behind
  • 4. We cannot have a meeting next Friday because Tim is away on business and he is the most important person for the meeting. We have to _______ it _____________ .
  • a) take …on b) make… up c) put …off
  • 5. Sally isn’t employed but she has some part-time ______________.
  • a) work b) job c) employment
  • 6. My best colleague is in charge ____________ financial reporting.
  • a) with b) of c) at
  • 7. I am responsible __________ coordination between design and production.
  • a) for b) with c) at
  • 8. We have analyzed the problem and I believe that we will find the solution if we ___________ it _________ into five stages.
  • a) draw…up b) break ….down c) put ….off
  • 9. We started preparing for the job _________the morning.
  • a) in b) at c)on

IV Numbers – Write down the numbers as words:

  1. 25%
  2. 22nd
  3. 0.58
  4. 1,156,218
  5. 5/3/08
  6. 2/3
  7. ext.154
  8. 2m 60

V Comprehension – Fill in the blanks with the given words or phrases:

  • What do you think, Why don’t we, What about, In my opinion, That’s a great idea, I don’t agree
  • A: Ok, let’s start with our first item on the agenda. Can we brainstorm some ideas, Jake?
  • B: Sure. _______________________, we should use our old selling strategy to do that. It will definitely work.
  • C: Well, ______________________. That strategy was bad and I believe we shouldn’t rely on it again. _______________________ try something new?
  • A: Hmm. I don’t know about it. __________________________, Mark?
  • D: Well, Let’s agree that the old strategy had only partial success, but I suppose we don’t have much time to think about some new ways to place the product. _____________________ asking some of our clients what they would like. Let’s do the survey and we’ll get the answers.
  • A: Oh, ________________________! Great job, Mark!
Business

Test 2 Practice 2

I Fill in the gaps using the words given in the box:

Therefore, despite, because of, however, although, but, and, since, in fact, due to, even though, in case
  1. ______________ the computer system failure, the tennis match was put off for tomorrow.
  2. ______________ the workers have been prepared to use the data properly, most of them made serious mistakes when using it.
  3. David’s colleague was sent to complete a business deal with a senior manager ________­­­ the man did not show up.
  4. The committee did not accept Maria’s project ______________ she had put a lot of effort in it.
  5. We will leave the lights on _____________ the baby wakes up.
  6. ______________ the fact that Jack came on time, he didn’t arrive early enough to get the goods.
  7. I didn’t manage to find my mentor _____________ the college was closed.
  8. The paperwork you left last night was badly done. It’s all in mess and the data is incorrect. ________________, I would like you to do it all over again.
  9. I believe that the message they sent is rather clear ____________ I wouldn’t spend any more time discussing it.
  10. Sarah’s application was turned down ________________ badly written CV.
  11. The video presentation of the program you have chosen to share was really good. ______________, we couldn’t hear it quite well, the microphone was off.
  12. The man who we were expecting to arrive phoned and said he would be half and hour late. _______________ we didn’t have to stay there. We went for a cup of coffee.

II Read the given email. Give a proper reply, including suitable introduction, salutation, and all parts needed to make it businesslike. You have to use at least 70 words. The additional information has been given to you.

To: Mrs Joanna Simms From: Michael Lightman Subject: Business contract

Dear Mrs Simms, We are very pleased to inform you that we are very satisfied with your latest delivery. The merchandise is of good quality, the paperwork is all neatly done, and, above all, you delivered the goods on time.
We would like to talk about the chance of price. Please, consider the possibility of lowering the price if we order a bigger number of items.
It would be great if we could have a meeting concerning these details next week.
If you need any information, feel free to contact us. We look forward to hearing from you.
Best regards, Michael Lightman
Information for answering the email:

Joanna Simms, an executive manager of Kickers Ltd, London, Refer to the mail (thank for the good comments) Give the basic conditions – only if they double the order, you consider the offer Arrange a meeting (Offer the date and time for a meeting) Give polite ending

III Fill in with the suitable word or phrase:

Set your own prices, how to get the capital, if you get it, for your service, work out your fixed costs, then add, get organized, to set your own prices

Getting started in business

If you want to start a business, good planning is important. Here are some tips.

  1. ___________________________. Decide what your skills are. Find out if there is a market of them in your area, e.g. ask your neighbors what they need. Babysitting, coaching for exams or sports and computer training ______________________.
  2. Decide how much money you need to start your business. Talk about _____________________. You can use your own money or you can ask a bank for a loan. _______________________, be sure you can afford to pay the interest.
  3. Calculate your costs. First, _______________________, for example, the rent on your office or the interest on a loan. ________________ your variable costs, for example, for equipment, or tax.
  4. Work out how much to charge ________________________. Find out what other people are charging and use this _______________________.

IV Use each word in box in the right context. One word is unnecessary.

fabrics, shares, revenue, venue, ice-breaking, merger, rut, respond, pollution

  1. I am so unhappy with my work…I feel bored and somehow in a ____________ . I’m doing the same routine job and it really got boring.
  2. Apart from choosing the presentation equipment, the ______________ is very important. So, inform everybody of the place where your presentation will take place.
  3. Sony and Erickson decided to join their companies and they became a ________________.
  4. The water _________________ is something that is becoming a big part of public concern for healthy living.
  5. When you see a foreigner for the first time, try starting an __________________ conversation.
  6. The company decided to keep their ________________ in the shoe industry because they were convinced the shoe market was going to get bigger and stronger.
  7. They dye and cut their own _______________ in Spain.
  8. We sent them an invitation two weeks ago, but, unfortunately, they didn’t ________________.
Business

Business Test 2 Practice 1

  • I Fill in the gaps using the words given in the box:
Therefore, despite, because of, however, although, but, and, since, in fact, due to, even though, in case
  1. _______________ I was really tired, I couldn’t sleep. It was so annoying!
  2. My best friend passed his Physics exam ___________________ he didn’t study much.
  3. She only accepted the job ______________the salary, which was very high.
  4. ______________ the fact that she didn’t feel well, she went to work.
  5. They invested a lot of money and effort into the advertising campaign. ________________, it didn’t bring any profit, they made a big loss.
  6. The manager introduced a new item on the agenda _________________ his colleagues were still discussing the previous one.
  7. The office was full of new employees ______________ it was very crowded.
  8. She gave her best to create a good design for the bottle but she neither showed them on time nor told them about the main idea. _________________, she was afraid not to be rejected.
  9. ________________ the heavy rain, the football match is cancelled.
  10. We are all using newest software available at work, _________________ our job is always done on time and perfectly.
  11. She couldn’t enter the system _______________ she forgot the password.
  12. I have to bring an umbrella, ______________ it rains.
  • II Read the given email. Give a proper reply, including a suitable introduction, salutation, and all parts needed to make it businesslike. You have to use at least 70 words. The additional information has been given to you.
To: Mr Smith
From: Tim Robins
Subject: Business prospects

Dear Mr Smith,
I am the Manager of the Heath Ltd company situated in London. We are willing to make business contact with your firm and try to improve our business with this cooperation. We have been working in computer service for the past 15 years. We make projects, designs, scripts, all kinds of PC programs. If you are interested, please, let us know about your main needs. We can email you the list of prices and terms of our work.
It would be great if we could have a meeting concerning these details next week.
If you need any information, feel free to contact us. We look forward to hearing from you.
Best regards,
Tim Robins
Information for answering the email:
John Smith, an executive manager of Mack Ltd, Oxford, work with statistics Need a new computer system Want to pay in instalments Ask for references, prices Offer the date and time for a meeting

  • III Match the beginnings 1-6 with the endings a-f to make complete sentences:
  1. We need a firm management strategy to take
  2. I think we’ve missed
  3. Unfortunately, we have been loosing
  4. We really don‘t need to waste
  5. I think you should have brought
  6. I’d like to bring
  • a) Customers steadily over the last three years
  • b) up-date on your Korean marketing campaign.
  • c) control of the situation
  • d) These figures to my attention earlier.
  • e) Friday’s deadline.
  • f) Any more time on trying to change their minds,
  • IV Use each word in the box in the right context. One word is unnecessary.
  • turnover, tips, clipboard, attention, chain, shares, fares, baggage reclaim, connection
  1. If you want to start your own business, here are some _____________ for you.
  2. L’Oreal has a great supply ___________ all over the world.
  3. When you want to copy the text, it stays on the _____________until you want to paste it.
  4. The Coca Cola company has sold its _____________in the business to different partners.
  5. At the airports people usually waste a lot of time at the _______________.
  6. The ______________of our company was great this year.
  7. Bus _______________are very expensive in London.
  8. I missed my ___________to Paris yesterday.