1 Read the text below. Translate the highlighted words and expressions in the given context.
Dave: I read yesterday in the papers that three new state universities are opening soon.
Brian:Apparently, the government wants to increase the number of young people going to university. What do you think about that?
Dave:Personally, I think it’s a good idea. People should have a chance to go to university.
Brian: Maybe, but it seems to me that we need more people with manual skills, not more academics. And why haven’t we got those people? It’s the government’s fault.
Dave: You think that the government is to blamefor everything. But isn’t it a good idea, in principle, for more young people to have a better education?
Brian: Yes, I think education is an incredibly important issue, but the point is, what kind of education do we want young people to have?
Dave: If you ask me, that’s a wonderful thing. The youngsters will choose what to study based on their interests.
Brian:As far as I’m concerned, the university is not the only place where you can learn things. You can learn a lot without formal education if you know what I mean.
Dave: I believe that having new universities is opening new possibilities for personal improvement, and other ways of education are in the second place.
Word bank apparently – based on what you have heard or read What do you think about…? How do you feel about…? – asking about somebody’s opinion fault – mistake be to blame for – be responsible for in principle – in theory issue – a problem, a subject of discussion the point is – the most important part of what I’m saying If you ask me / As far as I am concerned – I personally believe If you know what I mean – I hope you understand
Rewrite the opinions using the words in brackets. The meaning must be
a) I think it will be difficult. (EASY) I don’t think it will be easy.
b) I think we should do something. (SEEMS)
c) What do you think about that? (FEEL)
d) I think we should help them. (OPINION)
e) It’s my fault. (BLAME)
Complete the sentences using the mentioned phrases.
a) As far as I am _________________, the most important thing is to find the right university.
b) We both agree on that, but the ____________ is, what are we going to do with the unemployed?
c) I think that climate change is one of the most important ______________ of the 21st century.
d) The manager is responsible for the delivery delay, so it is his ______________.
e) ______________, nobody wants to invest in education nowadays.
Give your opinion on the given issues using the mentioned phrases.
a) There will be more wars in future.
b) It is more expensive to live in a village than in the city.
c) Pop music is for kids.
d) CDs are not needed any more – you can download whatever you need.
e) Italian food is tasteless.
Circle the right word or phrase.
a) What do you think of/about my new car?
b) It is not your blame/fault.
c) It looks/seems to me that we need this.
d) Apparently/Personally, they made the wrong choice.
e) It is an important issue/opinion, but some talks are yet to be done.
in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in brackets:
(1) _________ (consist) of two ancient cities which (2) _______ (be)
now joined together. They ______ (be) the City of London, or ‘the
and the City of Westminster. Together they all _______ (make) up a
region known as Greater
______ (be) the biggest city in Britain and in Europe. It ________
(occupy) over 620
_______ (have) a population of 8 million people.
________ (be) over 100 theatres in London and 105 cinemas.
new Wembley Stadium _______ (be) the largest football stadium in the
_______ (take) 61 seconds to open Tower Bridge, which ________
(open) about 1,000 times a year.
Ben ______ (have) the 13-ton bell inside the clock.
395 public libraries _________ (stock) 17 million books.
Brits _______ (lose) about 80,000 umbrellas every year on the London
_____ (be) over 30,000 John Smiths in Britain.
which ________ (flow) through London, has over 200 bridges and 20
tunnels. It ________ (be) a combination of four rivers.
_______ (can) hear more than 300 languages in the streets of London.
English _____ (be) tea
an Englishman __________ (drink) more tea than any person of any
other nation (over twenty times more than Americans).
If you want to make your writing easier to read and more eloquent, using the connectors in the correct places is a must. Start using connectors to give your writing more flow and more style. Different types of connectors are used according to the logical relationship they establish between one sentence and another. Also known as conjunctions, these linkers can express contrast, cause, purpose, consequence, addition, and exemplification.
Although/ though/ Even though + full sentence +comma / Even so+ comma
In spite of/ despite + noun or –ING
Despite the fact that…
However/ Nevertheless + comma
On the one hand/ On the other hand + comma
In contrast to/with
As opposed to…
On the contrary + comma
Alternatively + comma
Instead of + -ING
The former/ the latter (only with 2 components)
While/ Whereas + full sentence
But/Yet + full sentence or –ING Example: The book is short, YET it is interesting / The book is short YET interesting .
As well as + -ING
Apart from this / that + comma
Also (at the beginning + comma/ before the main verb)
Too (at the end of a sentence)
Besides + comma
Additionally + comma
What is more + comma
On top of that + comma
Furthermore / Morever (after giving various reasons)
In addition to + – ING
One such example is …
Such as …
In other words + comma
That is to say …
One instance could be …
For example / for instance
First of all / Firstly + comma
To begin with + comma
Once /as soon as + full sentence. Ex. Once you have finished studying you can go to the park
Secondly + comma
Later/ after that / afterwards + comma
Then / next + comma
Meanwhile/ in the meantime + comma
Now that + full sentence. Ex. Now that you have finished studying you can go to the park.
All of a sudden / suddenly + comma
Eventually/ finally/ in the end + comma
So that / in order that + full sentence
In order to /so as to + infinitive
As a result/ consequently/ accordingly/ as a consequence + comma
Therefore + comma
For this /that reason + comma
So / that is why/ because of this/ that + comma
With this in mind + comma
On account of the fact that + full sentence
Bearing this in mind + comma
Taking this into account + comma
Because of / on account of + full sentence
Owing to / due to + -ING / noun
In view of/ in the light of + -ING/ full sentence
Given that + comma
My own view of this is …
My personal opinion …
Speaking personally + comma
It seems to me that…
For my part + comma
As I see it + comma
I feel strongly that …
I believe …
PRESENT A TOPIC
It is often said / asserted/ claimed that …
It is a well-known fact that…
For the majority of people …
One of the most striking features/ aspects of this issue/ topic…
Last year we started producing a new product _______ a client. It took some time before they gave us the green light_________ they wanted to see all the production details and double-check them. It then took them a further 3 months to sign the contract and our company didn’t go into production until they had everything in black and __________.
Unfortunately, the client was unable to get the new product off the ground and they decided to stop production. As a result ____ this, the company is starting to run short of orders and we’ll be in the red within a month if we don’t _______ some new clients soon.
we _______ a meeting with the president and it looks like he means
business. The shares of the
company have taken a nosedive
and because of this he wants to keep
all the expenses that are going
out and will be cutting back
on the social events that had already _______ planned.
We are not very ________about this as the president himself got into trouble for offering handouts to politicians in return for lucrative contracts. Nobody wants us to produce anything anymore because of this. Currently, there are several new projects in the pipeline to ________ the image of the company. In the meantime, he will be cutting corners to keep spending to a minimum.