Business

Jobs – Present Simple Practice (speaking + vocabulary)

What’s the job? Read about different job positions. What do you do? What’s your position like?

Architect Technician

  • Works for a construction company.
  • Designs buildings, produces plans, specifications, and drawings.
  • Negotiates with builders and inspects construction work.

Field Service Engineer

  • Works for an office equipment manufacturer.
  • Visits customers’ sites and repairs and maintains
  • Spends a lot of time driving from place to place.

Software Engineer

  • Works for a bank.
  • Writes, tests, and debugs code.
  • Updates security features and troubleshoots.
  • Is responsible for a project team.

Help Desk Technician

  • Provides technical support.
  • Solves customers’ problems over the phone.
  • Works night shifts.

Warehouse Manager

  • Works for a paper company.
  • Receives shipments and checks quantities.
  • Keep records of
  • Manages a database.
  • Works for a credit card company.

Quality Controller

  • Works for a pharmaceutical company.
  • Collects and examines product
  • Analyses data and writes reports.

2 Look at the underlined words in the job descriptions in the exercise 1. Find the word which means:

  • bargains, reaches agreement by discussion
  • parts of the working day
  • puts in the latest information
  • stocks of goods and materials
  • goods that are transported
  • finds and corrects faults and problems
  • keeps in good working order
  • specimens, small quantities of a product that shows what the rest is like
  • looks at something closely to make sure it’s OK
  • examines something carefully to understand it and explain it.

3 In your opinion, on which of these positions people…:

1 are the most and the least busy?

2 use computers the most?

3 work the longest hours?

4 don’t need to wear special clothing?

5 sometimes work outside?

6 meet lots of different people?

7 need the most qualifications?

8 make the most money?

9 have the best and the worst jobs? why?

4 Speaking practice. Work with a partner. Take turns to describe the jobs of people you know, for example, your boss, your husband/wife, your brother etc.

Example

   A What does your wife do?

   B She’s a laboratory technician. She works at a chemical company. She tests and analyses samples. She…

English 1

Test 2 Practice (conditionals, comparison of adjectives, gerund)

I a) Finish the sentences to complete the right conditional:

  • If I were an engineer ____________________________________________________________________
  • What would you do ____________________________________________________________________?
  • If I spoke English better ________________________________________________________________
  • If you had finished your project on time ______________________________________________
  • If it rains today _____________________________

b) Fill in the blanks to get the right conditional:

  1. How would you react if you (see) _____________________a thief in your house?
  2. If you had needed some money, I (lend) ____________________ it to you.
  3. If I (be) ____________________ in your shoes, I’d do that differently.
  4. If you (not do) _____________________ the project, the teacher wouldn’t have let you take an exam.
  5. My friends will call me to go out if the weather (be) ______________________ fine.

II Write the comparative or superlative of the following words:

  1. That will be (pleasant) _____________________trip you have ever had!
  2. (attractive) ___________________ woman on that stage is definitely Beyonce.
  3. Which is (pretty) ___________________ thing you ever bought?
  4. Mr Smith has spoken (politely) _____________________ than the other participants.
  5. My friend’s garden is (tidy) _________________ than mine.
  6. This is (dangerous) ________________ dog in the neighborhood! He had injured many!
  7. That woman took care of the baby (easily) _____________________ of all the babysitters they had.
  8. She taught English at one of (bad) _________________ schools in London!
  9. My sister is a way (tall) _______________than me.
  10. The Odeon hotel is (far) _________________ than the one we wanted to rent first.

III Give the gerund or the infinitive forms of the verbs:

  1. I don’t like _______________________ (judge) people according to their appearance.
  2. My dad gave up _______________________ (smoke) when he was still on college.
  3. Diana made it all up ______________________ (save) her brother.
  4. She would like _______________________ (find) out the truth about her real parents.
  5. We expect ________________ (hear) from Ann soon.
  6. Do you enjoy ________________ (watch) football matches?
  7. We ran ten kilometers without (stop) _____________.
  8. Does he want (eat) _____________ now, Jane?
  9. (use) ___________ fork and knife at the table is obligatory!
  10. I planned (visit) ____________________ my granny this week.

IV Fill in using ONE word:

  1. I _____________ to see you there tomorrow.
  2. Your team will lose. That’s what I ___________________.
  3. I _____________ to tell you, but I saw your girlfriend with somebody else.
  4. The dog was too ___________________ so they put him to sleep.
  5. We ________ take a good care of the baby. Don’t worry.
  6. Susan really doesn’t sleep ________________. Only 6 hours.
  7. You have finished?! That was _____________________.
  8. When she saw the accident, she ___________________ the police.
  9. When you travel _________ a foreign country, take care of your documents.
  10. _______ they see the news, they will be shocked.
English 1

Conditional exercises (zero, first, second and third)

Fill in the blanks with the correct form:

  1. If machines were more intelligent, they ___________________ the world. (take over)
  1. If you spill Coca-Cola onto your computer keyboard, it __________________. (work)
  1. I would have been able to store all my music in one place if someone _____________________USB keys a few years ago. (invent)
  1. If you break the computer monitor, you _________________ use the computer. (can)
  1. If I had a webcam, I ___________________ my friends all the time. (video call).
  1. If I had known how useful it would be, I _________________________ how to write computer programmes. (learn)
  1. If Sam earns enough money, she _____________________ the apple watch. (buy)
  1. Paula would study more if _________________________ more time. (have)
  1. Joan would have already solved world hunger if ______________________ how to genetically “grow” food.(learn)
  1. If I _____________ you, I wouldn’t spend so much time playing video games. (be)
  1. If I ____________ a bit older, I would leave school and go travelling. (be)
  1. If you always use an online translator, you _____________________ the language. (learn)
  1. If I hadn’t started using WhatsApp, I __________________________ contact with my extended family. (lose)
  1. I won’t pass the exam unless I _______________. (study)
  1. Time travel would be possible if we ________________ a more advanced civilisation. (have)
English 1

Giving Opinion (vocabulary practice)

1 Read the text below. Translate the highlighted words and expressions in the given context.

  • Dave: I read yesterday in the papers that three new state universities are opening soon.
  • Brian: Apparently, the government wants to increase the number of young people going to university. What do you think about that?
  • Dave: Personally, I think it’s a good idea. People should have a chance to go to university.
  • Brian: Maybe, but it seems to me that we need more people with manual skills, not more academics. And why haven’t we got those people? It’s the government’s fault.
  • Dave: You think that the government is to blame for everything. But isn’t it a good idea, in principle, for more young people to have a better education?
  • Brian: Yes, I think education is an incredibly important issue, but the point is, what kind of education do we want young people to have?
  • Dave: If you ask me, that’s a wonderful thing. The youngsters will choose what to study based on their interests.
  • Brian: As far as I’m concerned, the university is not the only place where you can learn things. You can learn a lot without formal education if you know what I mean.
  • Dave: I believe that having new universities is opening new possibilities for personal improvement, and other ways of education are in the second place.
Word bank
apparently – based on what you have heard or read
What do you think about…?
How do you feel about…? – asking about somebody’s opinion
fault – mistake
be to blame for – be responsible for
in principle – in theory
issue – a problem, a subject of discussion
the point is – the most important part of what I’m saying
If you ask me / As far as I am concerned – I personally believe
If you know what I mean – I hope you understand

PRACTICE

1 Rewrite the opinions using the words in brackets. The meaning must be the same.

  • a) I think it will be difficult. (EASY) I don’t think it will be easy.
  • b) I think we should do something. (SEEMS)
  • c) What do you think about that? (FEEL)
  • d) I think we should help them. (OPINION)
  • e) It’s my fault. (BLAME)

2 Complete the sentences using the mentioned phrases.

  • a) As far as I am _________________, the most important thing is to find the right university.
  • b) We both agree on that, but the ____________ is, what are we going to do with the unemployed?
  • c) I think that climate change is one of the most important ______________ of the 21st century.
  • d) The manager is responsible for the delivery delay, so it is his ______________.
  • e) ______________, nobody wants to invest in education nowadays.

3 Give your opinion on the given issues using the mentioned phrases.

  • a) There will be more wars in future.
  • b) It is more expensive to live in a village than in the city.
  • c) Pop music is for kids.
  • d) CDs are not needed any more – you can download whatever you need.
  • e) Italian food is tasteless.

4 Circle the right word or phrase.

  • a) What do you think of/about my new car?
  • b) It is not your blame/fault.
  • c) It looks/seems to me that we need this.
  • d) Apparently/Personally, they made the wrong choice.
  • e) It is an important issue/opinion, but some talks are yet to be done.
English 1

Fun Facts about London: The Present Simple Tense Practice

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in brackets:

  1. London (1) _________ (consist) of two ancient cities which (2) _______ (be) now joined together. They ______ (be) the City of London, or the City and the City of Westminster. Together they all _______ (make) up a region known as Greater London.
  2. London ______ (be) the biggest city in Britain and in Europe. It ________ (occupy) over 620 square miles.
  3. London _______ (have) a population of 8 million people.
  4. There ________ (be) over 100 theatres in London and 105 cinemas.
  5. The new Wembley Stadium _______ (be) the largest football stadium in the world.
  6. It _______ (take) 61 seconds to open Tower Bridge, which ________ (open) about 1,000 times a year.
  7. Big Ben ______ (have) the 13-ton bell inside the clock.
  8. London’s 395 public libraries _________ (stock) 17 million books.
  9. The Brits _______ (lose) about 80,000 umbrellas every year on the London Underground.
  10. There _____ (be) over 30,000 John Smiths in Britain.
  11. The River Thames, which ________ (flow) through London, has over 200 bridges and 20 tunnels. It ________ (be) a combination of four rivers.
  12. You _______ (can) hear more than 300 languages in the streets of London.
  13. The English _____ (be) tea addicts: an Englishman __________ (drink) more tea than any person of any other nation (over twenty times more than Americans).
English 1

Gerund and Infinitive Practice + KEY

2 Put the verbs in brackets into gerund or infinitive:

  1. He left the room without (close) ___________ the door.
  2. I promised (call) _________ you, but I was busy (sort) __________ the letters.
  3. Silvia enjoys (listen) _________ to music in her room.
  4. Forgive me for (talk) _________ like this.
  5. My father doesn’t let me (go) __________ to the pubs late at night.
  6. It’s no use (cry) _________ over spilt milk.
  7. I really like (sleep) __________ in my sister’s bed.
  8. Let me be the first (tell) ____________ you the news.
  9. He decided (visit) ____________ his relatives in Japan.
  10. Was he interested in (study) ____________ languages?
  11. All books are worth (read) ____________.
  12. Please, let me (do) _________ that for you!
  13. He started (drink) __________ again.
  14. He said he would prefer (drive) __________ a car to (be) __________ driven.
  15. She goes (swim) ___________ with her brother twice a week.
  16. I would be very happy (receive) ___________any information that could help me.
  17. The exercise is too difficult for me (do) _________ it.
  18. You can’t help (eat) ___________ so many sweets.
  19. Women enjoy (gossip) ____________.
  20. (smoke) ___________ is not allowed here.
  21. I wanted (ask) __________ you (come) _________ with me to the party next week.
  22. My friends taught me how (write) __________ a CV.
  23. You may (take) __________ my coat if you like.
  24. It was nice of you (invite) __________ Tina to the meeting.
  25. He is always looking forward to (meet) ___________ and (talk) ___________ to us.

KEY

  1. He left the room without closing the door.
  2. I promised to call you, but I was busy sorting the letters.
  3. Silvia enjoys listening to music in her room.
  4. Forgive me for talking like this.
  5. My father doesn’t let me go to the pubs late at night.
  6. It’s no use crying over spilt milk.
  7. I really like sleeping in my sister’s bed.
  8. Let me be the first to tell you the news.
  9. He decided to visit his relatives in Japan.
  10. Was he interested in studying languages?
  11. All books are worth reading.
  12. Please, let me do that for you!
  13. He started drinking again.
  14. He said he would prefer driving a car to being driven.
  15. She goes swimming with her brother twice a week.
  16. I would be very happy to receive any information that could help me.
  17. The exercise is too difficult for me to do it.
  18. You can’t help eating so many sweets.
  19. Women enjoy gossiping.
  20. Smoking is not allowed here.
  21. I wanted to ask you to come with me to the party next week.
  22. My friends taught me how to write a CV.
  23. You may take my coat if you like.
  24. It was nice of you to invite Tina to the meeting.
  25. He is always looking forward to meeting and talking to us.
English 1

Prepositions practice

VI Fill in using IN, ON, AT, FOR, WITH, TO, ABOUT, OF, FROM:

  1. I am so fond _________ the picture __________ the wall. It’s amazing.
  2. We were born ___________ the same day but we are still very different _________ each other.
  3. He is talking ________ the phone _______ his best friend who lives ______ Madrid.
  4. They celebrate their wedding anniversary ________ 5th May.
  5. This juice is rich ________ vitamins.
  6. All kids are capable _________ creativity.
  7. I was looking _______the picture ________ the wall and thinking ________ my hometown.
  8. Maria and Dave are opposed _______ the new dorm rules. They are keen ________ having no rules at all.
  9. We left for Barselona ________ the afternoon. We arrived ________ the airport ______ midnight.
  10. Brian is much different _________ his sister who lives _________ Germany.
  11. The text I was telling you ________ is _________ the page 54.
  12. He is famous _________ his songs and he has become very popular ________ younger audience. He is the best singer I have ever heard _______.
  13. She told me that she is ________ the train and that she will come ________ time, but I am very doubtful _________ it.
  14. We had our wedding reception _______ 25th August _______ the Royal hotel.
  15. Nobody is interested _________ good news; it is only bad news that we read ______ the newspapers.
  16. The kid is sitting ________ the writing table. He is reading a book ________ sport.
  17. We had a meeting ________ 10 o’clock ________ the morning _______ Friday.
  18. I am so proud ________ my son – he is good ______ almost every subject at school.
  19. The book which is ________ the shelf is very rich ________ design.
  20. Brian was talking ________ Sue ________ their prom night. They plan ______ choose their outfits _______ a famous shop _______ their town.
  21. We left for England _______ 2005 and we started living ________ a small farm ______ Manchester.
  22. I am very pleased _______ your answers. Wait _______ me outside the office, please.
English 1

Tenses Practice (Present, Past, Future, Mixed)

I Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense, Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect:

Tim: Hi, Diane! I (1) ________________ (not see) you lately. What (2) _______________ (you do) here? Diane: Hello, Tim! Well, I (3) ________________ (do) shopping. Tim: Oh, but you (4) ________________ (not like) shopping. Diane: Yes, that’s true. My brother (5) _______________ (have) a birthday party Tim: I see. (7) _____________ (you, want) me to help you choose the present? Diane: Of course, Tim. That (8) ____________ (be) so nice of you. Tim: It’s not a problem. I think that he (9) _______________ (like) art books so we can gp to the bookshop.
Diane: Good idea! He (10) ______________ (wait) for me in the car, so let’s do it quickly!

II Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense, Past Simple, Past Continuous:

Dave and I (1) ___________ (have) an unusual accident last summer. We (2) ______________ (be) on our honeymoon holiday in Paris. Everything (3) __________ (be) great but on our way back, our plane (4) ______________ (not, show) up. We (5) ___________________ (wait) in the airport lounge for some time when the voice (6) ________________ (announce) the plane wasn’t ready to take passengers. They (7) _________ (tell) us that the problem (8) _________ (be) with our luggage. While we (9) ________________ (sit) in the hall we (10) _______________ (think) how our holiday was perfect except of this.

III Put the verbs in brackets into correct tense expressing Future:

  1. Oh, I have gained so much weight this year. I ____________ (go) on diet on Monday!
  2. Phil is leading the race! He _______________ (win)!
  3. The film ____________ (start) at 8 o’ clock sharp. Don’t be late!
  4. Many people in future ________________ (have) robots to help them around in houses.
  5. What (you, do) _________________ this weekend? Do you have any plans?
  6. We (plan) _______________ a wonderful winter holiday in the Alps.
  7. I don’t feel well. I (go) ______________ to bed now.
  8. (you, help) _______________ me with these books, Maria?
  9. Mike, I can’t make it to the meeting. I’m sorry. ________________ (you, let) me know about the conclusions?
  10. Every school year ___________ (start) on the 1st of October.

IV Put the verbs in brackets into correct tense:

  1. A: What (all those people, do) ____________________ in the middle of the street?
    B: They (make) ___________________ a movie. Most of the crowd (be) ___________ local people who (work) _______________ as extras.
    A: It (sound) _____________ fun. Maybe I (can) _____________ try it. Let’s go and ask!
  2. Last year, Peter and Ann (want) ______________ to redecorate their sitting-room themselves so they (choose) ______________ some yellow paint for the walls.
  3. Sarah usually (not, have) _______________ any breakfast but this morning she (have) ______________ an omelet because she (be) ______________ so hungry!
  4. A: When (the film, start) ___________________, Mickey?
  5. B: I (be, not) _______________ quite sure. Just a second, Jill. I (check) ______________ it in the newspapers.
  6. The house next-door (be) ________________ full of policemen yesterday. They (look) _________________ for some criminals, but they (not, find) ________________ anybody suspicious yet. The thief (can) ____________ be anybody!
  7. A: What (you do) ___________________ tonight? Any plans?
  8. B: Not really. Just sleeping. I (have) ______________ such an awful day at work today.
English 1

Test 2 (Conditionals, Comparison of Adjectives, Making Wh questions), post 3

I Use the right conditional:

  1. If my friends lived closer, I ____________________ (visit) them much more often.
  2. They wouldn’t have had any problem if they __________________ (take) your advice.
  3. If I ____________ (be) you, I ‘d be more careful with that project.
  4. I ________________(phone) you if there had been a phone in the village.
  5. If he _________________ (not do) what he promised, I’ll never speak to him again.
  6. Where ___________________________ (you/travel) if you had more money?
  7. He would have more money if he ________________ (not spend) too much on clothes.
  8. If you take on too many jobs, you ________________ (not do) a good job any of them.

II Write the comparative or the superlative of the given words:

  1. This is (enjoyable) ________________________ holiday I’ve ever been to.
  2. The ending of the book is (interesting) ____________________than the beginning.
  3. She made (bad) ____________________ mistake you could ever think of!
  4. Thomas is definitely (successful) _____________________ man I know!
  5. I had a (bad) ____________________ time at the party than at home.
  6. Can you walk a bit (slowly) __________________?
  7. The exam was fairly easy. (easy) _______________ than I expected.
  8. You are doing your job (seriously) ____________________ of all the people on the same position.

III Make questions to the referring words:

  1. Emma telephoned me last night.
  2. The film begins at 8.00.
  3. She isn’t working tonight because she is ill.
  4. I was born in London.
  5. Those people work with me.
  6. It was very cold yesterday.
  7. I have seen the artist twice.
  8. The accident happened unexpectedly.
English 1

Test 2 (Conditionals, Comparison of Adjectives, Making WH questions), post 2

I Use the right conditional:

  1. If my brother sees the car, he ___________________________ (buy) it.
  2. If the doctor _____________________ (tell) you to be careful, you would do that.
  3. If the match ___________________ (be) cancelled, I would know.
  4. The boys ____________________ (not finish) their homework if I hadn’t pushed them to.
  5. If you _______________________ (prepare) well, you would not have failed.
  6. He won’t get good marks if he ____________________ (not learn) what is necessary.
  7. If Peter ____________________ (not be) at home, we’d phone him.
  8. You ___________________ (not be) ill if you dressed more warmly.

II Write the comparative or the superlative of the following words:

  1. Next time you should be (serious) ____________________ about the exam!
  2. The Queen lives in (beautiful)_______________________castle in England.
  3. My granny makes (good) ___________________ cookies in the world!
  4. What’s (difficult) __________________ language to learn in the world?
  5. I was (happy) _________________ last summer than this year.
  6. Let me know if you hear any (far) _____________________ news.
  7. (bad) _______________ climate is in Siberia.
  8. She works (quickly) ___________________ than all her colleagues.

III Make questions to the referring words:

  1. She dances really beautifully.
  1. Her boss gave her a bonus salary.
  2. They were talking about the political issues in our country.
  3. She is 42 years old.
  4. The boys have lost their SONY play station 2 weeks ago.
  5. We were late for school yesterday.
  6. I use my computer very often.
  7. Many people will have robots in future.